expressway definition wikipedia

[2] The New York State Parkway System was constructed as a network of high-speed roads in and around New York City. They range from 2+2 lane dual carriageways with grade-separated intersections and 110 km/h (68 mph) speed limit (D2 in Osijek), four or six-lane urban streets with at-grade intersections with traffic lights (D1 in Karlovac) or two-lane single carriageways with grade-separated intersections (D33 in Šibenik). [16] Federal highways in the country are classified into two categories: "motorways" (Russian: магистральная автомобильная дорога, автомагистраль, not the same as the English term motorway) and "other". (Canada, parts of the US, Malaysia, Singapore) A road built to freeway standards. 753 of 1,225 kilometers were two-lane expressway in 1978. In Ontario, expressway is synonymous with freeway and is used to mean limited-access divided-highways with no at-grade intersections. When upgraded in this manner, the road becomes a typical freeway. In Alberta, the term "Trail" refers to both full freeways (Stoney Trail), or high-speed arterials with a mix of signalized intersections and interchanges (Crowchild Trail). They are either a standalone state road (D10) or a part of one (Southern Osijek bypass, D2). All expressways except 88 Olympic Expressway (Route 12) has been widened before 2004. (New Zealand) A road built for high speed traffic, but not up to motorway standards or designated a motorway. There are two main types of roads commonly referred as vias rápidas in Portugal. The following are incomplete lists of notable expressways, tunnels, bridges, roads, avenues, streets, crescents, squares and bazaars in Hong Kong.. A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway, is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway, including limited or no access to adjacent property, some degree of separation of opposing traffic flow, use of grade separated interchanges to some extent, prohibition of some modes of transport such as … As of May 2004 the Polish government documents indicated that the country had plans of an expressway and motorway network totalling 7,200 km (4,470 mi) (including about 2,000 km (1,240 mi) of motorways). This type of road is not very standardized, and its geometry may vary from country to country or within a same country. In 2011, 11,000 kilometres (6,800 mi) of expressways were added to the network. Direction signs for motortrafikkvei have black text on yellow background, while same signs on motorvei have white text on blue background. All provincial expressways run east–west except for Provincial Highway No. Because of this, some expressways are numbered (in the same way as highways). The vast majority of expressways are built by state governments, or by private companies, which then operate them as toll roads pursuant to a license from the state government. Currently the road from, A Super-2 toll road, MEX-150D and MEX-190D (MEX-150D travels to, A Super-2 toll road (MEX-15D) connects most of the distance between, In the southwestern part of the city prior to 2012 was the two-laned, A one-mile (1.6 km) portion of the Milford Connector from the, A rare instance of a two-lane freeway that was restricted to only one direction of traffic existed in Michigan at one time, of which, As of January 2018, the proposed Cibolo Parkway in, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 04:39. How to use freeway in a sentence. Although autowegen don't have to conform completely to the new Dutch design standard for regional flow roads (stroomwegen), many of these roads require at least some upgrades. Examples: S1: an undivided road with one lane in … [21] In contrast, a freeway is defined as a divided highway with full control of access. The speed limit is usually 90 – 100 km/h. The United States has one of the most complex expressway, freeway and road system of any country[citation needed]. Stat., §§ 59.84(1)(b) and 346.57(1)(am). No state, for instance, could have what is technically an expressway given Interstate status just because semantically they use the term interchangeably with freeway. Highways normally have a lower speed limit than expressways (but still higher than the rest of the local road network), and permit at-grade intersections and junctions to residential roads and shopfronts, although grade separation is still typical. Many roads such as the A1, the A14, the A19 and the A42 are built to a high quality, in many places they are only intersected by grade-separated junctions, have full barriers at both the road side and the central reservations and in some cases three lanes of traffic, however for at least one reason they fall short of motorway standard. Only Minnesota enacted the exact MUTCD definitions, in May 2008. (1,052 km national highways, 351 km metropolitan highways, 185 km regional highways and 20 km municipal highways). In Madeira, the main regional highways, that connect the cities and other important places of the island, are mainly of these type, there are two vias rápidas classified as motorways in the region, VR1 and VR2. Expressway road signs are white on blue. This definition is also used by some states, some of which also restrict freeways only to motor vehicles capable of maintaining a certain speed. A few examples of expressways include Marginal Tietê and Marginal Pinheiros in São Paulo; Avenida Brasil, Red Line and Yellow Line in Rio de Janeiro; among others. Many roads on the Hong Kong Island conform to the contours of the hill landscape. Overview. It merges with I-91 at its southwestern terminus, via a flyover. These are common on the final stretches of motorways nearing a major city, generally in order to enable use of bus stops and city bus services on the particular stretch of road. Highway 40 in Ontario is a super-4 expressway between Highway 402 and Wellington St., and from Indian Rd to Rokeby Line. The same rules apply to a motortrafikled as to a motorway - it is basically a half motorway. The total length of Pakistan's expressways is 260-kilometre (160 mi) as of November, 2016. Although a service rating of two-lane section was poor, still they were fully integrated into South Korea's ticketed tollway system. : a high-speed divided highway for through traffic with access partially or fully controlled. A super-2 expressway is a high-speed surface road with at-grade intersections, depending on the common usage of the term expressway in the area. The term Expressway as used in English in Japan refers to both freeway-style highways and narrower, more winding, often undivided Regional High-Standard Highways 地域高規格道路 (ちいきこうきかくどうろ). The standard motorway speed limit for cars of 70 mph (113 km/h) also applies to many dual carriageways. Limited-access roads in Singapore are formally known as semi-expressways (in contrast to controlled-access highways which are known as expressways). In South Australia the terms "expressway" and "freeway" can be synonymous. Limited-access roads in Malaysia usually, but not always, take the name highway (Malay: lebuhraya – this is also the name for expressways). [23] In turn, the definitions were incorporated into AASHTO's official standards book, the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, which would become the national standards book of the U.S. Department of Transportation under a 1966 federal statute. The Veterans Memorial Parkway in London, Ontario, has intersections instead of interchanges, and thus is considered an expressway and not a freeway. According to the Código Brasileiro de Trânsito (Brazilian Traffic Code), expressways are officially defined as Vias de Trânsito Rápido (Rapid Transit Routes) and are considered the most important urban roads, with standard speed limits of 80 km/h (unless specified). At-grade intersections exist but there is sufficient land to replace them with interchanges. Some provincial expressway routes are still under construction. [22] The difference between partial and full access control is that expressways may have a limited number of driveways and at-grade intersections (thus making them a form of high-speed arterial road), while access to freeways is allowed only at grade-separated interchanges. Neb. This means that major roads typically use interchanges and commercial development is accessed via cross roads or frontage roads, while minor roads can cross at grade and farms can have direct access. Only motor vehicles and their trailers (with the exception of mopeds), agricultural vehicles and the towing of fairground vehicles, as well as four-wheelers (without passenger compartment), are allowed to drive on an autoweg. They are typically shorter than motorways, offering connections of a more regional significance. In general, the term "expressway" is used more frequently for municipally maintained roads, while provincial freeways are known more by their route number (particularly the 400-series highways are known as Highway 4__) despite some of them having an "expressway" name for all or part of their length, such as the (Chedoke Expressway/Hamilton Expressway, Belfield Expressway, and Airport Expressway). The Expressways of Pakistan are a network of multiple-lane, high-speed highways in Pakistan, which are owned, maintained and operated federally by Pakistan's National Highway Authority. It is usually divided, so that traffic travelling in one direction is separated from the traffic travelling in the opposite direction. The first true two-lane expressway with full access control is the section of the Senai–Desaru Expressway between Cahaya Baru and Penawar.[5]. Learn more. It may have at-grade, at-level crossings with railways, roundabouts and traffic lights. The sign shown here on the left allows access only to motorized vehicles. A Super-2 Expressway is a Super-2 with occasional at-grade intersections. [13] The speed limit is 120 km/h (dual carriageway) and 100 km/h (single carriageway). In dual carriageway vias rápidas not signalized as reserved ways, normal road rules apply, including speed limit which is never above 90 km/h. expressway (plural expressways) (parts of the US) A divided highway where intersections and direct access to adjacent properties have been eliminated. Learn more. It is home to many highway systems. [citation needed]. Speed limit on type-B road is 110 km/h. In Quebec, the term freeway is never used, with the terms expressway (in English) and autoroute (in English and French) being preferred. Parameters of a 2+2 lane dual carriageway off-habitat area: Parameters of a 2+2 lane dual carriageway in habitat (town/city) area: There are also semi-motorways with only one side of the motorway built. For the most part they fall under national or provincial management. Since 1997 a national traffic safety program called Sustainable Safety has introduced a new road categorisation and new design standards. Whilst there are no expressways in Romania so far, their main difference from regular motorways are the lack of hard shoulders and a slightly lower speed limit of 120 km/h, otherwise, being similar to a motorway regarding grade separation and featuring at least 2 lanes per direction. Expressways in India make up more than 942 km (585 mi) of the Indian National Highway System[7] on which they are the highest class of road. For both terms to apply in Wisconsin, a divided highway must be at least four lanes wide. Kraftfahrstraßen are out of bounds to pedestrians, except for special crosswalks. English terms are rare, and only found on bilingual signage of expressways (abbreviated "expy") found in Montreal around bridges and on the Bonaventure Expressway; these signs are controlled by the federal government. What does EXPRESSWAY mean? In the United States, the national Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) uses "full control of access" only for freeways. Designs range from fully controlled-access dual carriageways with grade separation, center dividers and full hard shoulders, to single carriageways with just one lane per direction and only intermittent shoulder patches called Vluchthavens (small Lay-bys). The speed limit on these roads in Switzerland is 100 km/h (62 mph). A super-2 expressway is a high-speed surface road with at-grade intersections, depending on the common usage of the term expressway in the area. This distinction was first developed in 1949 by the Special Committee on Nomenclature of what is now the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). They are one class lower than the country's motorways and are usually upgraded versions of the national highways. The two-lane expressways in Japan are built in the same manner as the ordinary four-lane expressways with grade-separated interchanges and full access control, allowing future conversions to full four-lane divided expressways.[3]. Freeway (noun) A road designed for safe, high-speed operation of motor vehicles through the elimination of at-grade intersections, usually divided and having at least two lanes in each direction; a dual carriageway with no at-grade crossings, a motorway. 61, which runs north–south along the west coast. An example of this is the Gardiner Expressway through western and downtown Toronto, and once it turns into a 6-lane arterial road (Lake Shore Boulevard) east of the Don River, there is a sign warning of the end of the freeway. Oversized vehicles are banned.[12]. A Super 2 Expressway is a Super 2 with occasional at-grade intersections; some … In either case, the speed limit is frequently reduced to 70 km/h before reaching the junction or the bridge. (YY) and (ZZ). [17], In March 2015, it was announced that a new standard would be developed to formally designate certain high-quality routes in England as Expressways.[18]. The expressway is officially referred to as the Tōhoku Jūkan Expressway Hachinohe Route. The network is expanding rapidly after 2000. expressway meaning: 1. a wide road for fast-moving traffic, especially one in the US that goes through a city, with a…. They are mostly dual carriageways. Droga ekspresowa (plural: drogi ekspresowe) in Poland refers to a network of roads fulfilling the role of bringing traffic to the motorways, and serving major international and inter-regional purposes. California expressways do not necessarily have to be divided, though they must have at least partial access control. For other uses, see Freeway (disambiguation). The first type is a limited access road, with dual carriageway and with interchanges grade separation. Expressway may refer to:. Expressways in Hungary are called Autóút (Auto/car road). "Control of access", "Freeway", and "Motorway" redirect here. A public road or other public way on land. Many super-2 expressways are simply just short transitional segments between surface street and four-lane divided freeways. The degree of isolation from local traffic allowed varies between countries and regions. ", Two-lane freeways are usually built as a temporary solution due to lack of funds, as an environmental compromise or as a way to overcome problems constrained from highway reconstruction when there are four lanes or more. Definition of expressway. Expressways were introduced for the first time on the 2014 roads masterplan. However, perhaps confusingly, the Port River Expressway is a limited-access highway. On motorways the speed limits are 120 and 100 km/h respectively. The last type, although they're often called expressways, don't really fit this wiki's definition of an expressway, and information about them will be found at the UK Roads wiki. Speed limits in the range of 80–100 km/h is attested for travelling through the expressways. The US follows a system of levels based on the kinds of road or highway it is. The first limited access highway built is thought to be the privately built Long Island Motor Parkway in Long Island, New York. Stat., §§ 60-618.01 and 60-621. The National Highways Development Project is underway to add an additional 18,637 km (11,580 mi) of expressways to the network by the year 2022.[8][9]. countable noun An expressway is a wide road that is specially designed so that a lot of traffic can move along it very quickly. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. An autoweg can consist of two or more lanes. They may lack some features that a motorway would have, such as hard shoulders, and may have tighter bends and steeper gradients than would be allowed on a motorway or have established rights of way that cannot be removed. Only faster motor vehicles, both capable and legally allowed to go at least 50 km/h, may use the road. Many of these roads have all or almost all the technical characteristics of full motorways. Meaning of EXPRESSWAY. They are often built as ring roads since they take less space than motorway and allow more entrances and exits. Examples are the several urban highways in cities like Lisbon, Oporto, Coimbra and Braga. The highway between Porvoo and Helsinki at the Jakomäki district in Helsinki, Finland. Other super-4 expressways include the Hanlon Parkway in Guelph and Black Creek Drive in Toronto, both which have sufficient right of way to allow for interchanges and overpasses to replace the at-grade crossings. There are not yet any specific signs for this type of road, but the National Roads Authority have hinted that they are looking at implementing the German-style Autostrasse sign in Ireland. The E. C. Row Expressway in Windsor, Ontario is a controlled-access divided freeway with grade-separated interchanges, between Ojibway Parkway at its western terminus and Banwell Road at its eastern terminus, where there are traffic intersections at both termini. In India, expressways are controlled-access highways where entrance and exit is controlled by the use of ramps that are incorporated into the design of the expressway, whereas National highways are at-grade roads. "fast road") is used to describe a motor vehicle-only road, usually grade-separated, without an emergency lane, with a speed limit of 110 km/h (68 mph), although it can be lowered, usually to 70 or 90 km/h (43 or 56 mph). As of October 2017 the Norwegian Road DataBase show approximately 455km of motortrafikkvei in Norway. Like expressways, motorcycles are not permitted. It may be built that way because of constraints, or may be intended for expansion once traffic volumes rise. Some portions of motorways are expressways since they are either in construction (A8 between Pazin and Matulji) or designed as such (A7 in Rijeka). For the security concept, see Access control. A controlled-access freeway with two lanes and usually without a center median. Ohio's statute is similar, but instead of the vague word "generally," it imposes a requirement that 50% of an expressway's intersections must be grade-separated for the term to apply. Dutch expressways are built to significantly varying standards. A famous example of a local government getting into the expressway business is Santa Clara County in California, which deliberately built its own expressway system in the 1960s to supplement the freeway system then planned by Caltrans. Dual carriageways that connect capital cities and regional centres, such as the M31 Hume Highway between Sydney and Melbourne, are almost all limited-access highways. Define expressway. Many two-lane freeways are built so that when the road is upgraded to a proper divided freeway, the existing overpasses and ramps do not need reconstruction. This masterplan envisaged building most planned motorways up to expressway standards, provided that in the future they would be converted to actual motorways. The terms Motorway and Expressway in New Zealand both encompass multi-lane divided freeways as well as narrower 2-4-lane undivided expressways with varying degrees of grade separation; the difference being that in New Zealand a Motorway has certain additional legal traffic restrictions.[6]. Expressways are defined as having "partial control of access" (or semi-controlled access). Wis. Highway 410 in Ontario was originally a super-2 before being upgraded to a full freeway. Similarly, most of Highway 102 in Nova Scotia was a super-2 for three decades before being upgraded. Nevertheless, these two-lane highways are still classified as "two-lane expressways" as they are maintained by highway concessionaires, namely PLUS Expressways Berhad (Kempas Highway) and Shapadu (North Klang Straits Bypass). Some sections of two-lane freeway can be found on the N1 and the N2 highways. In North Dakota and Mississippi, an expressway may have "full or partial" access control and "generally" has grade separations at intersections; a freeway is then defined as an expressway with full access control. High-speed road with many characteristics of a controlled-access highway (freeway or motorway), For roads with an uninterrupted flow of traffic, commonly referred to as a motorway or freeway, see, магистральная автомобильная дорога, автомагистраль, The end points can be viewed using Google Earth. [3]The expressway runs from north to south through central Mie Prefecture, beginning at a junction with the Meihan Highway.It passes to the west of the cities of Tsu and Matsusaka before coming to a junction with the Kisei Expressway. In Missouri, both terms apply only to divided highways at least 10 miles long that are not part of the Interstate Highway System. The network is also known as National Trunk Highway System (NTHS). (=193.9 km) is a toll expressway in Japan.It runs from a junction with the Tomei Expressway in Nagakute, Aichi (outside Nagoya) west to Nishinomiya, Hyōgo (between Osaka and Kobe).It is the main road link between Osaka and Nagoya, and, along with the Tōmei Expressway, forms the main road link between Osaka and Tokyo. While most expressways in Japan are four-lane divided expressways with median barriers, some expressways in rural areas are two-lane expressways, such as some sections of the Hokkaidō Expressway. Some European union regulation considers the high-quality roads are roads "which play an important role in long-distance freight and passenger traffic, integrate the main urban and economic centres, interconnect with other transport modes and link mountainous, remote, landlocked and peripheral NUTS 2 regions to central regions of the Union». Expressways in Iran are one class lower than freeways and are used in large urban areas such as Isfahan, Mashhad, or Tehran and between other important cities (Usually two province capitals) in rural and desert areas. According to the EU's multilingual term base, motortrafikled should be translated to expressway, rapid road or road with limited access. However, this term refers only to the road rules and not to the road technical characteristics. The term highway includes any public road. The precise definition of these terms varies by jurisdiction.[1]. Five roads have been designated as semi-expressways: Bukit Timah Road, Jurong Island Highway, Nicoll Highway, Outer Ring Road System and West Coast Highway. In absence of specific regulation signs, a type-C road is accessible by all vehicles and pedestrians, even if it has separate carriageways and no cross-traffic. Interstate 291 (abbreviated I-291, formerly known as the Springfield Expressway) is a 5.44-mile (8.75 km) connector highway in Massachusetts which links Interstate 91 in downtown Springfield with Interstate 90 (the Massachusetts Turnpike) in Chicopee.I-291 is roughly a northeast/southwest highway. Grade separation is, however, still typical at major junctions. Intersections are frequently at grade with traffic lights, or they are roundabouts. Examples of this type of roads are the ancient IP4 and IP5 (before being transformed in full motorways), the Portalegre-Beja section of the IP2, the Coimbra-Viseu section of the IP3 and several complementary routes (IC). The Yellowhead Trail as it passes through Edmonton, Alberta has both intersections and interchanges. If a public road (autosnelweg, autoweg, weg) consists of two or more lanes that are clearly separated from each other by a roadside or a space that is not accessible to vehicles, the drivers may not drive on the lane opposite to them. The Meishin Expressway (名神高速道路, Meishin Kōsoku-dōro?) expressway synonyms, expressway pronunciation, expressway translation, English dictionary definition of expressway. Terminology: "S" stands for single carriageway; "D" for dual carriageway. Around 770-kilometre (480 mi) of expressways are currently under construction in different parts of country. The speed limit is 110 km/h (70 mph). The expressway beyond this point is still in the planning stages and will be built according to the New Direct Control System. One part is almost identical with motorways, but the driving lanes are narrower. The Southern and Northern Expressways are both controlled-access highways. Definition of EXPRESSWAY in the dictionary. Although there are never level railway crossings, there can be moveable bridges in these roads. Often space has been left during construction for an eventual upgrade to a motorway. The section from Yen Bai City to Lao Cai City of the Hanoi-Lao Cai Expressway is two-laned. Some of the roads on the north side of Hong Kong Island and southern Kowloon have a grid-like pattern. (b) and (c). In Hungary there are multiple types of dual carriageways. is an expressway running in the northeastern part of the island of Shikoku and entirely in the Kagawa Prefecture.It passes through the municipalities of Higashikagawa, Sanuki, Takamatsu, Sakaide, Marugame, Zentsuji, Mitoyo, and Kan'onji.. The signs for 'motortrafikvej' have white text on blue background. Ultimately, it is the federal definition that defines a road's classification whether it is an expressway or freeway no matter the preferred term. Many motortrafikleder are built as 2+1 roads, alternating two lanes in one direction and one in the other, with a narrow fence in between. The following states officially prefer the term expressway instead of freeway to describe what are technically freeways in federal parlance: Connecticut,[32] Florida,[33] Illinois,[34] Maryland,[35] and West Virginia. By the end of 2016, the total length of China's expressway network reached 131,000 kilometers (82,000 mi). The roads are generally designed to British standards. In Finland, highways are separated into three categories: all-access valtatie ("main road"), limited-access moottoriliikennetie ("motor traffic road") and finally moottoritie ("motorway"); the latter two are marked with green signage, while valtatie signage is blue. In the United States, an expressway is defined by the federal government’s Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices as a divided highway with partial control of access. Sri Lanka has ensured to classify the expressways in reference to the connotation of E grades. In Romania, such roads are called drumuri expres (or drum expres in singular form). Code Ann., § 65-5-3, subds. As a rule, the expressways are not tolled, however major tunnels on expressways are tolled. Speed limits are normally 100 km/h compared to 120 km/h on motorways. When a super-2 expressway is converted to a four-lane divided freeway, conversion artifacts such as double yellow lines, or broken yellow lines in passing zones are usually cleanly bestowed in favor of more consistent road marking for four-lane divided expressways. U-turns and any deliberate stopping are prohibited. They can be dual or single carriageways and have reduced number of one level intersections. Code Ann., § 4511.01, subds. In some US states, a super-2 expressway is simply referred to as a super-2, regardless of whether it is fully controlled-access or not. Type B highway (or strada extraurbana principale), commonly but unofficially known as superstrada, is a divided highway with at least two lanes for each direction, paved shoulder on the right, no cross-traffic and no at-grade intersections. Most of the Autoroutes are built or at least designed to be upgrade to a full freeway (initially constructed as a Two-lane expressway), a notable exception is the section of Autoroute 20 through Vaudreuil-Dorion and L'Île-Perrot which is an 8 km urban boulevard. Two sections of Highway 11, between Barrie and Orillia as well as between Orillia and Gravenhurst, are a Right-in Right-out (RIRO) expressway rather than a full freeway. Regional Road 420 in Niagara Falls is also an expressway. The expressway is also the shortest of all the expressways at about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi). In Europe, the concept of express road, is related to road which are classed between a motorway and an ordinary road. The Staten Island Expressway, or colloquially, SIE, is a 7.7 mile (12.39 km) long highway running through the New York City borough of Staten Island, New York in the United States.It is part of Interstate 278.Its western terminus is the Goethals Bridge linking the island to New Jersey over the Arthur Kill.The eastern terminus is the Verrazano Narrows Bridge linking to Brooklyn over the Narrows. Maintained by cities here on the north side of Hong Kong Island and southern Kowloon have a combined length China... Three lanes but not up to now two expressways namely the Northern expressway and the N2 highways is frequently to. ( as opposed to national ) highway status, although some are built, they will standard... Rarer ; a former example is some sections of two-lane section was poor, still at... 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Have Provincial ( as opposed to national ) highway status, although some are built maintained... Motorvei have white text on yellow background, while same signs on motorvei have white text on background... In expressway definition wikipedia missing lanes are built and maintained by cities the safety category of distributor roads, semi-expressways may have. Normally toll-free and are usually built because the local population density is too low to justify a motorway an! Concept of express road, is related to road which are known national. Rather than a class of the term expressway in 1978 a measure of traffic can move it. And maintained by cities dual carriageway ) high-speed travel, having few or no intersections [ 13 the... Level railway crossings, there can be synonymous capable and legally allowed to go at least miles. Below motorways are typically shorter than motorways, offering connections of a more regional significance at-level. In those States, it is in Taiwan may be intended for expansion once traffic volumes rise fairly! Of two-lane section was poor, still they were fully integrated into South Korea after 22 2015... Netherlands has much more kilometres of motorways ( snelwegen ), a freeway is defined as divided! Meishin Kōsoku-dōro? Czech Republic ( Czech: Silnice pro motorová vozidla,... All two-lane expressways into four-lane roads, semi-expressways may still have at-grade, at-level crossings with railways roundabouts!
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