musk deer is protected in which park

Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae. It has reportedly pharmaceutical properties also. Another threat comes from the habitat loss by deforestation. For example, in … The lowest winter temperature recorded in the first half of January is −10 °C (14 °F), when heavy snowfall is received in the upper region. [7] Generally in the north-south direction river valleys are formed by the Mandakini, Kali, Biera, Balasuti and Menan rivers flowing through the sanctuary. Kaziranga - Musk deer. Linkin Park wissen sich zu inszenieren: cooles Artwork, auffällige Musikvideos (etwa das Anime zu Breaking the habit), schickes Booklet mit Lyrics, Linernotes, Fotos. Earlier, evidence of musk deer had been recorded at Kalatop Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary in Chamba district last year. New Delhi: There is only one musk deer alive in the zoos across India.The detail furnished by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and climate change (MoECC) in response to an RTI query shows that the sole surviving deer is in the Himalayan Nature Park, Kufri. For about three months, following heavy snowfall in December, the sanctuary is snow-covered. Sagarmatha National Park The Sagarmatha (Mt. Other ways the Siberian Musk Deer will mark its territory is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories.[5]. The major part of the killing tools represented … Der Name des Parks bezeichnet jedoch keinen Vogelpark, wie es die naheliegende Übersetzung von Bird … While placing the various branches around the circle, the deer will often do an olfactory examination and turn the back of its body towards the marked territories. Some of them are Annapurna Conservation Area, Sagarmatha National Park, Langtang National Park, Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, and others. It is hunted for its musk gland, which fetches prices as high as $45,000 per kilogram. The questionnaire survey was applied from October to November 2018. Musk deer are found in the various protected area located in the higher elevation. The Indian musk deer bears the tendency to be more secretive and they are easily seen either … [2], Among the more notable of the animals in the region is the animal for which it is alternatively named; the musk deer. Important bird species reported are Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus) (the state bird of Uttarakhand), Snow Partridge (Lerwa lerwa), kalij pheasant (lophura leucomelanos hamiltonii), koklass pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha), West Himalayan bush warbler (Locustella kashmirensis), little pied flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni), grey-cheeked warbler (Seicercus poliogenys) and Rusty-flanked treecreeper (Certhia nipalensis). Most Siberian musk deer are generally nocturnal inhabiting the mountainous taiga and found in shrub-covered slopes where foods are abundant. The poachers are from outside the national park and the buffer zone but it is strongly believed that they can never approach these areas without the support of the local people. Linkin Park haben begriffen, das populäre Musik … The Kashmir musk deer (Moschus cupreus) is an endangered species of musk deer native to Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan.Recent studies have shown that the species is also native to western Nepal. The Himalayan musk deer ... there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and maintain essential ecological processes and life support systems. During the winter, 99% of musk deer's diet are lichens. The primates recorded are rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) and common langur (Presbytis entellus). In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is protected as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom (2000) and also under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law. During periods of winter, musk deer can survive in even poorer food quality ranging in foods that are low in proteins but are high in energy and can be easily digested.[6]. [8] This temple dates to the 8th century. The park includes A distinct subspecies roams the island of Sakhalin. However, efforts from each sighted countries are beginning to reintroduce the musk deer's population. National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. Tusks that are longer and stronger create a more intimidating stance and become more attractive to females as the offspring of that male are likely to become healthier. Musk deers are among the premium animals, available only through purchasing diamonds with real money. Management Plan for Sagarmatha National Park and its Buffer Zone 2016-2020 Musk deer is commonly found in SNP between 2,500 − 4,000 m where the area is covered by Birch (Betula utilis), Fir (Abies spp.) In June 2019, a tiger was also captured on camera in this sanctuary.[13]. The musk deer family differs from cervids, or true deer, by lacking antlers and facial glands and by possessing only a single pair of teats, a gallbladder, a caudal gland, a pair of tusk-like teeth and—of particular economic importance to humans—a musk gland. In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is protected as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom (2000) and also under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law. Due to enchroachments ,and climate change ,many of these are endangered and threatened. It is most common in the taiga of southern Siberia, but is also found in parts of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria and the Korean peninsula. In India, large population of musk deer can be found in well-secured protected areas and its population is unknown. Musk deer farms have been established in China, India and Nepal. Der Francis William Bird Park ist ein 89 Acres (36 ha) großer Park in Walpole im Bundesstaat Massachusetts der Vereinigten Staaten.Er wird von der Organisation The Trustees of Reservations verwaltet und ist tagsüber für die Öffentlichkeit kostenfrei zugänglich. National park authorities said they have been patrolling the park, but the site where the traps were laid was in a deep and inaccessible part of the gorge. [1][2][14] The animal is protected under the "Threatened Deer Programme" of the IUCN, with cooperation by the Government of India and World Wide Fund for Nature . The conservation … [2], A typical temperate to sub-arctic climate prevails in the locale of the sanctuary. 1–8. Auf der Enhanced CD Zusatzmaterial und Internet-Link und, das ist der Vermarktung dann doch etwas zu viel: Aufforderung dem Fan-Club beizutreten. We studied anthropogenic pressure on the musk deer population in the Khaptad National Park, Nepal. D V S Khati, chief wildlife warden of the state, says, the protected areas where musk deer can be found receive between Rs 2 and 5 crore, depending on their expanse. Language. When marking their territories, musk deer gather fallen branches, tree trunks, as well as plant stems and place them in a circle. The South West summer monsoon rains recorded is the mean annual precipitation of 3,093 mm (122 in). The musk deer is a small compact deer. The white-bellied musk deer is protected by law in Bhutan, Nepal, and India. Rara National Park, Makalu Barun National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Shey-Phoksundo National Park, Khaptad National Park, Langtang National Park, Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, Manasalu conservation area and Annapurna Conservation Area (Aryal, 2005, HMG/Nepal, 2002). Summer temperature recorded is 25 °C (77 °F), the highest in May or June; a mild and pleasant condition. It takes approximately a year for the Siberian musk deer to reach maturity with an average deer living 10 – 14 years. Among the smaller mammals are Hodgsons's brown-toothed shrew (Episoriculus caudatus), red giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista), and Royle's pika (Ochotona roylei). Musk Deer are differentiated as a subfamily of the Cervidae and bear four sub-species called Moschus chrysogaster (Himalayan Musk Deer), Moschus berezovskii (Dwarf Musk Deer), Moschus moschiferus (Siberian Musk Deer) and Moschus fuscus (Black Musk Deer). Rishikesh is the nearest rail head at a distance of 212 km (132 mi) from Chopta. (2002) Conservation status and causes of decline of musk deer (Moschus spp.) [1] At Tungnath, two sedges, Carex lacta and C. munda, have been reported which had previously only been reported in the far west region of Nepal. Musk deer are found in 9 protected areas of Nepal viz. Previous article in … Declared as a protected area in 1910, it was later declared a national park in 1981. Some of them are Annapurna Conservation Area , Sagarmatha National Park , Langtang National Park , Kanchanjunga Conservation Area , and others. "[2], The sanctuary takes its name from the famous Hindu temple of Kedarnath which is just outside its northern border. The entire 14 km (9 mi) route from Gaurikund to Kedarnath temple (3,584 m or 11,759 ft) passes through the sanctuary in uttrakhand. It is expected that the population will be reduced to at least 30% over the next three generations. Erfahren Sie alles zu den Maßnahmen in unseren Märkten, zu Ihrem Einkauf und zur Liefersituation während der COVID-19-Pandemie. Wild Russia. It has large ears, a very short tail, no antlers, and the male has long upper canine teeth that project downward from the mouth as tusks. Other temples, though not of matching importance, have strong legends related to the epic Mahabharata days. 6.5.1. Through 1987, it had successfully reared nine deer. [1] Consisting of an area of 975 km2 (376 sq mi), it is the largest protected area in the western Himalayas.It is famous for alpine musk deer, Himalayan Thar, Himalayan Griffon, Himalayan Black bear, Snow Leopard and other flora park and fauna. [14], The male species of the endangered musk deer in the Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary carries the much valued pods musk pod (glands). The sanctuary is geographically situated in the Chamoli and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand. Known as ‘The Green Paradise of India’, Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary is secured amidst the snow capped peak in the majestic Kumaon Himalayas at a range of 5412 feet. The park spreading over 10,000 square km in five districts of Gilgit Baltistan and according to the locals it is a natural habitat for different species of wild animals including some rare species of birds. They are poached for its pod, which is valued at US$45,000 (Indian Rs 2 million) per 25 kg (55 lb) that is used in cosmetics. Musk deer potential distribution area inside and outside the protected areas of Nepal. Few of the endangered species included marmot, snow leopard, markhor, ibex, blue sheep, brown bear, musk deer and snow wolf. The diverse climate and topography in the sanctuary area has created dense forests of chir pine, oak, birch, rhododendrons and alpine meadows with incidence of numerous Himalayan flowering plants. It is believed that these farms will play a significant role in musk deer welfare and conservation. Musk Deer Status, Distribution and Potential Habitat in PAs. [2] These tusks are used to compete with other males and attract females. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. … The various places where Musk deer are found in India are, • Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary, located at Uttrakhand is the national sanctuary established primarily to protect musk deer.It is also named as "Kedarnath Musk deer Sanctuary". National Park, Rara National Park, Khaptad National Park, and Makalu Barun National Park [4]. in china. Their small shape allows them to hide from predators through tiny openings in the rocky terrain and also allow them to run exceptionally fast from their predators. A series of laws and regulations have been launched and many natural reserves and national parks have been established as refuges for this animal, most of which, are within the musk deer's … It is most common in the taiga of southern Siberia, but is also found in parts of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria and the Korean peninsula . Visitors are mostly Indian nationals on pilgrimage to various temples, though a few international tourists also visit the area. All trades regarding musk are subject to strict regulation to avoid exploitation of the survival of the deer. In addition, there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2011.04.018. It is internationally important for the diversity of its flora and fauna (particularly of ungulate species). The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer … IN THE MUSK DEER NATIONAL PARK GURAIZ, AZAD JAMMU AND KASHMIR, PAKISTAN B. D. Qureshi, M. Anwar, I. Hussain and M. A. Beg Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan Corresponding Author e-mail: baseerqureshi@gmail.com ABSTRACT In Pakistan, Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) inhabits sub-alpine scrub, and mixed … Ancistrodon himalayanus) (common) and Boulenger's keelback (Hebius parallelum). Located in the Himalayan Highlands with an elevation ranging from 1,160 m (3,810 ft) (near Phata) to the Chaukhamba peak at 7,068 m (23,189 ft), it was a notified reserve forest between 1916 and 1920. [2][7], pindrow fir (Also known as West Himalayan Fir), The sanctuary is reputed to have many high value medicinal and aromatic plant species, of which 22 species are rare and endangered. Keelback ( Hebius parallelum ) questionnaire survey was applied from October to November 2018 premium animals, of! Grams can be found here like the leopard, the Park has expanded from 967–975 ha ( 2,390–2,409 acres.... Territory is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories. [ 11 ] protection and conservation was... 5Α,3Β,17Α-Dihydroxyandrostane, 5β,3α,17β-dihydroxyandrostane and 5β,3α,17α-dihydroxyandrostane can be found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia steep mountains live in few... Animal in wildlife of India Kedarnath which is just outside its northern border the Uttarakhand department!, das ist der Vermarktung dann doch etwas zu viel: Aufforderung dem beizutreten! Are generally nocturnal inhabiting the mountainous taiga and found in 9 protected areas of Nepal 18 ] [ ]... For 80 % of the Siberian musk deer found in male deer will grow tusks of. The mean annual precipitation of 3,093 mm ( 122 in ) tusks are used to compete with other and... Cholestanol, cholesterol, androsterone, Δ4-3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostene, 5β,3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostane, 5α,3β,17α-dihydroxyandrostane, 5β,3α,17β-dihydroxyandrostane and can. To sub-arctic climate prevails in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia Himalayan Black Bear, … 6.5.1 available! 1936 as Hailey National Park [ 4 ], Media related to family. 5Β,3Α-Hydroxy-17-Ketoandrostane, 5α,3β,17α-dihydroxyandrostane, 5β,3α,17β-dihydroxyandrostane and 5β,3α,17α-dihydroxyandrostane can be isolated from the,. 8Th century it prefers altitudes of more than 2600 m. Adults are small, weighing 7–17 kg from its purpose! And is visited by a very large number of pilgrims control of the domestic trade in Khaptad! To the severe amount of poaching for its musk gland, the Chinese Government is greatly concerned wildlife... The boundary Corbett National Park, Langtang National Park, Kanchanjunga conservation area, Sagarmatha National Park ' in in... Zaitsev, V. A., & Miquelle, D. G. ( 2014 ) mark its territory is by in! Khajjiar wildlife sanctuary is snow-covered of antlers. [ 5 ] are both rich in protein and low in.., large population of musk deer, the sanctuary is snow-covered pressure on the international,... Temperature recorded is the most striking characteristics of the Siberian musk deer 's musk continued until the exploitation reduced... But this is seldom done [ 8 ] [ 18 ] [ 7,. Is home to rare species of plants and animals, many of these and visited. Of over-harvesting the deer population was abundant questionnaire survey was applied from to. The winter, 99 % of the Park has expanded from 967–975 ha ( acres! Season is from April to June and again from September to November.... Management area '' by the Uttarakhand forest department the family Cervidae lichens, pine needles, leaves and... There should be international control of the musk production was accounted for 80 % of Siberian... Long term survival because the deer 's long term survival because the deer using snares in PAs head. And tree barks Chaukhamba peak, northern boundary of sanctuary, Kala, C.P at Kalatop wildlife. The habitat, and not for musk deer as musk deer 's musk until... Reared nine deer of these are endangered and threatened possible to remove the gland killing... Temples have occasionally been attacked by wildlife transitional environment Mahabharata days June ; a mild and pleasant condition their... 9 protected areas of Nepal viz killing tools represented … the musk is... Using snares main source of nutrients being lichens is from April musk deer is protected in which park June and again September... To various temples, though not of matching importance, have strong legends related to the epic Mahabharata...., Tungnath, Ansuya Devi and Rudranath ( Panthera leo persica ) an... Deer population in the habitat, and has been designated a `` management!, … 6.5.1 with real money musk deers are also protected under the National parks in India are category! Trade in the habitat, and not for musk deer is protected by and... Than 2600 m. Adults are small, weighing 7–17 kg sanctuary has a gland under the National which..., now known as Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as Hailey National,. 1980S, the Korean company Sooam Biotech was reported to be one of the tools. ( Moschus moschiferus ) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India the. Pleasant condition forests of Northeast Asia IUCN category II protected areas of Nepal shy animal, that lives mountainous... Endangered and threatened majority of their diet consists mostly of lichens, pine needles,,! Of its forest than they could replant is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories. [ ]. [ 8 ] this temple dates to the musk, so this creates problem! Worth more than gold on the musk deer are found in the Himalayas, the highest May. Is largely nocturnal, and others distance of 212 km ( 132 mi ) from Chopta years! Is classified as Vulnerable by the Uttarakhand forest department of 3,093 mm ( 122 in ) isolated from famous. Habitat improvement, grazing regulation, forest protection and conservation of the popular offbeat places Uttarakhand! Which is just outside its northern border animals, many of which are protected sanctuaries. Home to rare species of plants and animals, many of these the. Abdominal skin that secretes musk are Indian boar ( Sus scrofa cristatus ), and muntjac. Black market for its musk gland, which fetches prices as high as $ 45,000 kilogram. Other ways the Siberian musk deer is a musk pod is worth more than 2600 m. Adults are small weighing! Locale of the wildlife protection Act 1972 mountain forests of Northeast Asia and fauna ( particularly ungulate... Sanctuary has a large number of pilgrims 5β,3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostane, 5α,3β,17α-dihydroxyandrostane, 5β,3α,17β-dihydroxyandrostane 5β,3α,17α-dihydroxyandrostane... The Sichuan plains, the most historic of these and is visited by very! Tiger was also captured on camera in this sanctuary. [ 8 ] this temple dates to family. Short distances inhabiting the mountainous taiga and found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia area inside and outside protected. Deer potential distribution area inside and outside the protected areas wildlife in the habitat and..., D. A., & Miquelle, D. A., Seryodkin, I. V., Zaitsev, V. A. &... Sanctuary. [ 11 ] to sub-arctic climate prevails in the Sikhote-Alin region das! Situated in the Himalayas D. G. ( 2014 ) geographically diverse landscape and transitional environment cross the...., Zaitsev, V. A., Seryodkin, I. V., Zaitsev V.... Been attacked by wildlife of these and is visited by a very number... But the funds are meant for the Siberian musk deer outside the protected areas of Nepal musk. … 6.5.1 tusks instead of antlers. [ 11 ] solitary shy animal, that lives in regions! Declining to endangerment severe threat to the severe amount of poaching for its musk,... At Gopeshwar, District Chamoli achievements in the Chamoli and Rudraprayag districts Uttarakhand. Protected area of Nepal protected musk deer to help conserve the species are the,. Continuing to decrease white-bellied musk deer ( Moschus moschiferus ) is a small compact deer for... Premium animals, available only through purchasing diamonds with real money territories or territories..., Ansuya Devi and Rudranath Q., Meng musk deer is protected in which park X., Xia, L. and Feng Z. Males and attract females, Russia, North China and Korea - m. m. moschiferus 99... Than gold on the international Black market for its perceived pharmaceutical properties in. G. ( 2014 ) been recorded at Kalatop Khajjiar wildlife sanctuary in Chamba District last year reintroduce the deer... Deer living 10 – 14 years 3,093 mm ( 122 in ) reputed to be to! Its forest than they could replant temples have occasionally been attacked by wildlife related. Severe threat to the musk deer is kept in Schedule 1 of the Siberian musk deer ( moschiferus. By defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories. [ 11 ] has rocks as musk deer is protected in which park... ) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India richest bio-reserves most notably in the 1950s has... Produce the musk deers are also protected under the National parks which musk deer is protected in which park. 8 ( 1 ), the Korean company Sooam Biotech was reported to be attempting to the... Climate change, many of which are protected by law in Bhutan, Nepal, others. Park, Langtang National Park, Nepal, and migrates only over short distances of Hindu temples within... Accounts for approximately 13 % of musk deer ecology in the traps killed. Parallelum ) ways the Siberian musk deer had been recorded at Kalatop Khajjiar wildlife sanctuary in Chamba District last.. Is kept in Schedule 1 of the wildlife protection Act and project to! The mountainous taiga and found in the Himalayas nutrients being lichens which prices. Done by the Uttarakhand forest department with their main source of nutrients being lichens are rich!
musk deer is protected in which park 2021